Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are variety of neurodevelopment conditions with certain characteristics. The diagnosis of ASD is based on behavioural characteristics and includes:

  • social and communication difficulties
  • repetitive, restricted interests or behaviours
  • deficits in the understanding, formation, or maintenance of relationships

The variation in the presentation of behavioural characteristics and the functionality of those with ASD varies along a large spectrum. This spectrum now encapsulates disorders previously distinguished separately such as autistic disorder and Asperger's disorder.