Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are variety of neurodevelopment conditions with certain characteristics. The diagnosis of ASD is based on behavioural characteristics and includes:
- social and communication difficulties
- repetitive, restricted interests or behaviours
- deficits in the understanding, formation, or maintenance of relationships
The variation in the presentation of behavioural characteristics and the functionality of those with ASD varies along a large spectrum. This spectrum now encapsulates disorders previously distinguished separately such as autistic disorder and Asperger's disorder.